Rashes appear with fever in children? Beware of Scarlet Fever
When a child has a fever, it’s natural for parents to worry. Fever usually appears as a symptom of illness or something else. Fever is characterized by an increase in body temperature, sometimes accompanied by chills.
Apart from the usual fever, there is a febrile condition that presents with a rash on the skin, which is a symptom of scarlet fever or scarlet fever. Parents need to be aware of this sick fever.
Check out the following reviews to find out more about the causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention of scarlet fever.
1.Most often occurs in children
Launching the Mayo Clinic, scarlet fever is a disease caused by a bacterial infection that can develop in some people with strep throat.
This disease causes a red rash on the skin and is usually accompanied by a sore throat and high fever. Different from common fever, parents must be vigilant if their child experiences this condition.
2.Marked the appearance of a rash and other symptoms
The most common symptom of scarlet fever is the appearance of a red rash. The rash looks like sunburn and feels rough like sandpaper.
Usually the rash starts to appear on the face or neck and spreads to other parts of the body. If pressed, the red skin will turn pale.
The skin folds around the groin, armpits, elbows, knees and neck become redder than the surrounding rash. The rash on the skin usually lasts about 1 week. After symptoms subside, the skin affected by the rash often peels off.
Apart from the rash, several other symptoms that can also appear are:
- Fever, often accompanied by chills
- Sore throat, sometimes accompanied by white or yellowish patches
- The face becomes reddish, but the area around the mouth appears pale
- Strawberry tongue, a tongue that is red, bumpy and looks swollen. Sometimes the tongue is covered in a white coating before turning red
- Difficulty swallowing
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- Nausea or vomiting
3.Caused by bacteria and can be contagious
Launching Healthline, scarlet fever is caused by Group A or Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria, bacteria that live in the mouth and nasal passages. These bacteria can produce toxins that can cause a red rash on the body.
Scarlet fever is a contagious disease. The infection can be spread by drooling, nasal discharge, sneezing or coughing into an infected person. Anyone can get scarlet fever if they come into contact with or come into direct contact with the patient’s saliva and then touch the nose, mouth, or eyes without washing hands first.
Additionally, a person can catch scarlet fever if they drink or eat using the same utensils as an infected person. Scarlet fever tends to spread in environments with routine interactions, such as in families at home or at school.
4.Treatment with antibiotics
If not treated properly, scarlet fever can cause various complications. Complications can occur if the bacteria have spread to other parts of the body.
Reporting from several sources, scarlet fever is treated with antibiotics. Make sure that the patient undergoes treatment completely and consumes antibiotics according to doctor’s recommendations. This can help prevent complications and allow the patient to recover completely.
Treatment can also be done at home to reduce discomfort and pain in people with scarlet fever, including:
Take ibuprofen or acetaminophen to relieve fever and sore throat
Drink enough water to keep your throat wet and prevent dehydration
Gargle with salt water to reduce sore throats
Eating lozenges or lozenges
Avoiding irritants, such as cigarette smoke and cleaning products that can irritate the throat
5.Prevention efforts by maintaining personal and environmental hygiene
Maintaining personal and environmental hygiene can prevent the spread of the bacteria that cause scarlet fever. According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), some precautions that can be taken include:
Make a habit of washing hands using soap and water, especially after sneezing or coughing, before eating, when preparing food and after going to the toilet
If there is no water and soap, you can use a hand sanitizer to find a place to wash your hands
Dispose of used tissue in the trash
If you don’t have a tissue, cover it with your upper arm or elbow when sneezing and coughing
Do not use the same dishes, glasses, or other utensils as an infected person. Wash all utensils with soap after use by sufferers
That is information about the causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention of fever scarlet. If your child has symptoms, take him to the doctor to get proper treatment and prevent complications. In preventing its spread, the most important thing is to always maintain personal hygiene and the surrounding environment.