6 Health Tests Men Must Do, Important for the Future
Nowadays, most people only go to the doctor if they feel something is wrong with their body. In fact, you actually also need to see a doctor even though you are in good health to get a preventive examination.
Being proactive about your health, by getting recommended screening for serious conditions and diseases, can be very useful for maintaining your health in the long term.
Depending on their age, family history, and lifestyle factors, each person may need different tests at different times of their life. This is an overview of the medical tests that all men need to take.
1. Blood pressure
If you have high blood pressure, you may need medication to control it to prevent diseases caused by high blood pressure, such as heart disease, kidney disease, and stroke.
If you have blood pressure within the normal range, you only need to have your blood pressure checked every two years. Meanwhile, if your blood pressure is higher, your doctor may recommend that you check your blood pressure more often.
According to the American Heart Association (AHA), normal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mmHg. The diagnosis of high blood pressure requires two readings taken at an interval of four hours with a number greater than 120/80 mmHg. This test can actually be done independently at home, so it would be good if you repeat this test every two weeks.
Men in general have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease than women, and high cholesterol is often one of the main causes.
According to the recommendations of the AHA, men over the age of 20 need to have a cholesterol level test every four to six years. However, individuals with risk factors for heart disease such as diabetes, tobacco use, or high blood pressure may need to be screened earlier and more frequently.
Cholesterol is measured by a blood test, and the doctor may ask the patient not to eat for the previous 9 to 12 hours. Generally, cholesterol tests are carried out by measuring levels of total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol), LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol), and triglycerides. After that, your doctor may make dietary recommendations or prescribe cholesterol-lowering drugs, depending on the results of the test.
3. Sexually transmitted diseases
Even if you are in a monogamous relationship, it doesn’t hurt to get tested for sexually transmitted diseases if you’ve never done it before. Because, many diseases are diagnosed over the years. For example, a person can be infected with HIV for 10 years without showing HIV symptoms.
Many health professionals recommend that everyone aged 15 to 65 should be screened for HIV at least once.
In addition, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends one-time-lifetime hepatitis C screening for all adults born between 1945 and 1965. Because there are lots of hepatitis C cases out there where people have not shown symptoms. or not realizing it.
Individuals who adopt a healthy lifestyle, maintain a healthy weight, and have no other risk factors for diabetes may not need diabetes screening.
However, for most men over 45 years of age, especially those who are overweight, it is necessary to have a fasting plasma glucose test, or A1C test, as described on the Health page.
In addition, individuals under 45 years of age who are overweight or have a family history of disease also need to do fasting plasma glucose and A1C tests.
The fasting plasma glucose test and A1C are blood tests that should be done by a doctor. The A1C test does not require prior fasting, but for a test using fasting plasma glucose, the patient will be asked not to eat or drink anything but water for the previous 8 hours.
5. Testicular cancer
According to information from the National Cancer Institute, testicular cancer is the most common cancer in men between the ages of 20 and 35. Testicular cancer is one of the most curable types of cancer with a 95 percent chance of cure. The earlier this cancer is diagnosed, the better the cure rate will be.
The good news, testicular cancer diagnosis can be done independently and is very simple. The best time to do a testicular examination is after a bath, when the scrotum is relaxed.
By using your hands, check for lumps or changes in size in the testicles, and notify your doctor if you notice anything unusual. Do this check every once a month.
Described on the Health page, generally men should undergo screening for colon cancer starting at the age of 50, but those with a family history of the disease can get tested earlier. In this test, a tiny camera is inserted into the anus to check for polyps in the colon or other signs of cancer.
In preparation for this test, the patient must completely empty the contents of the stomach before undergoing the test, which may involve not eating solid food for one to three days, drinking lots of clear fluids, or taking laxatives.
Then, during the colonoscopy, the patient is sedated, so that they will not feel uncomfortable during the test. Then, if the doctor doesn’t find anything suspicious, you can undergo a colonoscopy 10 years later.
That is the health test that men must take in order to maintain their health in the future. Through all these examinations, any health problems can be diagnosed and treated as early as possible. In addition, you must immediately undergo a medical examination if you experience any worrisome changes or symptoms.