Not many know, these are 5 health benefits of Ketapang leaves

Not many know, these are 5 health benefits of Ketapang leaves

Ketapang plants grow in many regions in Indonesia. For fish hobbyists, the leaves of the ketapang plant are often used to treat fish health. However, it turns out that these leaves also offer various health benefits, you know.

Are you curious about the benefits of ketapang leaves for our health? Come on, see the following discussion.


A study reported in the journal Pharmacology & Pharmacy was conducted by evaluating methanol, acetone, and N, N-dimethylformamide extracts from ketapang leaves for their antibacterial and antifungal activity. Gentamicin and piperacillin were used as standards for antibacterial tests, while nystatin and flucanazole were used as standards for antifungal tests.

The results showed that antibacterial activity was more prominent against bacteria than fungal strains. In addition, gram positive bacteria appear to be more susceptible than gram negative bacteria.

The methanol extract showed higher antibacterial activity. In conclusion, ketapang leaf extract shows significant antibacterial activity, unlike antibiotics used commercially.

Has antioxidant properties

A study in the Journal of Food Quality evaluated the antioxidant properties of ketapang leaves using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), total phenolic content and a reduction power test.

The results showed that the ketapang leaf extract demonstrated its antioxidant action by clearing DPPH radicals, as well as with a reasonable amount of phenol and its reducing activity simultaneously.

The study also supports that ketapang leaves can be used as a natural source to manage and treat health conditions related to oxidative stress.

Antinociceptive properties

Antinocicepfit is the process of blocking the detection of an adverse or painful stimulus by sensory neurons. A study published in the American Journal of Phytochemical and Clinical Therapeutics was conducted by studying the antinociceptive activity of aqueous extract of ketapang leaves in albino rats.

As a result, ketapang extract resulted in inhibition of abdominal pain in mice. Ketapang leaf aqueous extract is also known to contain analgesic properties that can be mediated through central and peripheral mechanisms.


Research in The American Journal of Chinese Medicine evaluated the anti-inflammatory effects of punicalagin and hind leg edema induced by carrageenan punicalin in mice.

Punicalin and punicalagin were isolated from ketapang leaves. After examining the anti-inflammatory effect, the edema rate increased due to carrageenan administration, but decreased due to drug treatment.

After 4 hours of carrageenan administration, the punicalagin (10 mg / kg) group showed the best effect with an inhibition rate of 58.15 percent. The second was the punicalagin treatment group (5 mg / kg) and this group showed a low inhibition rate of 39.15 percent.

The results showed that both punicalin and punicalagin had anti-inflammatory properties. However, it should be noted that treatment with larger doses of punicalin is likely to cause cell damage.

Antimicrobial activity

Piperacillin and gentamicin are used as standards for antibacterial testing, but flucanazole and nystatin are used as standards for antifungal tests.

The results showed that antibacterial activity was more pronounced against bacteria, unlike fungal strains.

The methanol extract showed the best antibacterial activity and the leaf extract was shown to contain stronger antibacterial activity, unlike the antibiotics used commercially. Therefore, it can be said that ketapang leaves are proven to be effective in treating diseases caused by microorganisms.

Those are some of the health benefits of ketapang leaves. However, it should not be used as a substitute for professional diagnosis and treatment. Remember to always consult with a healthcare provider before making any health-related decisions.

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